FACTS ABOUT ALEXANDER THE GREAT
- Born on July 20, 356 B.C., in Pella, Macedonia, Alexander was son of King Philip II of Macedon and Queen Olympia.
- Although Alexander had a great relation with his father during his childhood, things between them had notably soured by the time Phillip decided to marry Cleopatra, a woman who had noticeable Macedonian roots.
- Alexander had a great presence of mind when it came to military warfare. He was a cunning tactician who would devise ways to defeat enemies with greater strength in terms of soldiers and weapons.
- Once, he became the undisputed King of Macedonia in 336 BC, Alexander faced an early plethora of obstacles in the form of neighboring rebellions.
- His name comes from the Greek alexo, “defend,” and andr, “man,” thus his name means “protector of men.”
- There is some controversy concerning Alexander the Great’s sexuality. However, Alexander the Great had three wives: Roxane, Statiera, and Parysatis.
- He was one of the most admired foreign historical figures in Rome, even many years after his death.
- One of the Three of Fidel Castro’s sons are named after Alexander the Great: Alexis, Alejandro, and Alexander.
- Famous legends about Alexander is that in 333 when he was in Gordium, in Asia Minor, he undid the Gordian knot.
- Alexander was good at archery skills.
- Alexander once held a drinking contest among his soldiers. When it was over, forty-two soldiers had died from alcohol poisoning.
- Aristotle taught him philosophy, politics and sciences.
- However, Alexander’s biggest idol and influence was the one and only Heracles (Hercules). His admiration for the most famous Greek mythological figure of all time was so deep that he called himself son of Zeus (just like Heracles ), and always bragged that he was descended from Heracles.
- Alexander the Great washed his hair on a daily basis in saffron to keep it shiny and orange. Keep in mind that saffron was rare at the time and a little more expensive than gold. his father’s side.
- He said,”if I was not Alexander,I would be Diogenes.
- Alexander the Great had heterochromia iridum: one of his eyes was blue and the other was brown.
- When Alexander’s father fell in love with and married his general’s niece, Cleopatra, Alexander’s place as heir was threatened. Alexander was only half Macedonian, but any child produced by Cleopatra would be fully Macedonian, and potentially have a stronger claim to the throne. After a falling out with his father at the wedding banquet in which Alexander was nearly stabbed to death, Alexander and his mother fled to Macedonia. With help from a family friend Demaratus, Alexander was able to return home six months later.
- According to some historical reports, Roxanne, Alexander the Great’s first wife, was possibly the only woman he ever loved.
- Alexander’s position as King of Macedonia didn’t automatically grant him absolute control of the Corinthian League that his father had founded in Greece.
- Alexander the Great was known by a number of other nicknames in his lifetime. He was often called the Accursed, the Conqueror of the World, the Philosopher-King, and the Madman of Macedonia among others.
- Alexander married two persian women.
- When Alexander and his forces took over the Phoenician cities of Marathus and Aradus (The coastline of modern day Lebanon, Northern Israel, Syria and Southwest Turkey), Darius begged Alexander for peace, but he refused. He attacked the island of Tyre, but having no Navy, he needed to find another way to get in.
- Alexander’s Persian conquests eventually led to the spread of Greek culture into the Persian nations (Pakistan, Afghanistan, and India), and to the establishment of Greco-Buddhism, which is the blending of Buddhism with Greek culture.
- Before his death, Alexander left detailed instructions with Craterus for a few things. The first was military expansion into the southern and western Mediterranean.
- After the death of Calanus, Alexander decided to organize an Olympics in India to honor him. Not being familiar with Greek sport, Alexander changed his plans, and created a wine-drinking contest instead. Unfortunately for the contestants, none of them were used to drinking alcohol, and all 41 of them died on the spot. The winner, a Greek soldier by the name of Promachus drank the equivalent of 13 litres of wine and died of alcohol poisoning a few days later.
- Because Alexander’s legitimate child hadn’t been born yet at the time of his death (his other son’s mother was a concubine) there was no clear successor.
“Whatever possession we gain by our sword cannot be sure or lasting, but the love gained by kindness and moderation is certain and durable.”
Alexander The Great
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